Historic Timeline of Naxos

The historic timeline of Naxos island spans several eras; its age-old history goes back into the mists of time.

Located in the center of the Cyclades island group, it was one of the oldest hubs of civilization - not just in Greece but in Europe as a whole.

Here we go back in time to explore -- briefly --the historic timeline of Naxos island -- from the prehistoric era until today.


Apano Kastro

Byzantine Period

Many scholars consider that the center of Naxos during Byzantine times was in the area of Apano Kastro/Tragea/Aperathou and in the broader district of Sagri/Kastro t’Apalirou, stretching as far as Agiassos bay.

These Mousterian spearheads, a classic Neanderthal tool type, were excavated from the Stelida archeological site on the Greek island of Naxos by a team co-directed by Tristan Carter of McMaster University. The Stelida site is critical to resolving a major controversy over whether Neanderthals and other hominins were capable of voyaging by sea.  (STELIDA NAXOS ARCHAEOLOGICAL PROJECT

Did Neanderthals reach Naxos in a boat?

02 Jan 2017Naxos, the largest in a cluster known as the Cyclades that dot the Aegean Sea, is rich in the type of archeology many would recognize from classical exhibits in museums...

Historic Timeline

Naxos has been uninterruptedly inhabited since the 4th millennium BC.  The first inhabitants are thought to have come from the northeastern Greek region of Thrace.

Modern History

Naxos joined the Greek struggle for independence from the Ottoman Empire on May 6, 1821. 

Part of the Mycenean capital of Naxos, dating to 1300 BC, was discovered under Catherdral square, on the northern side of the port, near Grotta.  Large cemeteries of the era were located at Aplomata and Kamini, to the east. The site is suitably organized and accessible for visitors.

Prehistoric Era

Naxos has been uninterruptedly inhabited since the 4th millennium BC. The first inhabitants are thought to have come from the northeastern Greek region of Thrace. 

The Classical Era

The Classical era on Naxos -- as in the rest of Greece -- was marked by tremendous cultural achievements but also numerous and long wars.